Background: Radiation therapy produced unwanted side effect on normal tissues,such as radiodermatitis. Hydrogen was previously shown capable of radiation protective in both animals and cell cultures. The effect of hydrogen was now to be investigated on radiation-induced cutaneous. Objective: Development of dermatitis is a frequent side effect of radiotherapy of patients with head-and-neck cancer. Here we analyzed the radioprotective efficacy of hydrogen under conditions of local, single dose or fractionated radiation treatment, and its possible molecular mechanisms.